The actual content is coming soon. We shall develop a software that will control our home automation projects and devices with Raspberry pi.


01.  makefile:4: *** missing separator. Stop

=> Solution, convert space to tab in the makefile (use Notepad ++,  Edit | Blank Operation | Space to Tab)

02. Updating Pi

=> sudo apt dist-upgrade

03. Installing Wiringpi

=> cd /tmp


sudo dpkg -i wiringpi-2.61-1-armhf.deb

# Test

sudo gpio -g mode 19 out

sudo gpio -g write 19 1

04. Update Tool Chain

=> sudo apt update 

sudo apt dist-upgrade

sudo apt-get install build-essential gawk gcc g++ gfortran git texinfo bison libncurses-dev

05. How to compile from commandline

=> gcc -o led_blink led_blink.c -l wiringPi

06. Download Source code

=> git clone, go to the folder and ./build

07. Libmodbus Installation

=> sudo apt install libmodbus-dev

08. Physical PINs (Image source


Download and launch the Raspberry Pi Imager


L298N motor Driver

L298N is a motor driver, which can be used to control a DC motor. We shall use this module to control motor over Modbus TCP.

Jumper: jumper in place – uses the motors power supply to power up the chip. Jumper removed: you need to provide 5V to the +5V terminal. If you supply more than 12V, you should remove the jumper

VCC : This is the pin which supplies power to the motor. It can be 6-12V.

Ground : This is the common ground pin.

5V: This pin supplies the power (5V) for the internal circuit (L298N IC). 

ENA: This pin controls the speed of the motor A by enabling the PWM signal (connect to lower pin of ENA).

IN1 & IN2: These are the input pins for motor A. They control the spinning direction  of motor A.

IN3 & IN4: These are the input pins for motor B. They control the spinning direction of motor B.

ENB: This pin controls the speed of the motor B by enabling the PWM signal.

OUT1 & OUT2: OUT1: Positive terminal, OUT2: Negative terminal

OUT3 & OUT4: OUT3: Positive terminal OUT4: Negative terminal

Connect Pi to Laptop:

If we have above set up we can have internet in the laptop and we can compile and execute program in the pi. If we have enabled VNC remote desktop we can directly access the pi without any display, mouse and keyboard.


=> Remote Desktop connection from Windows to Pi


=> (Create make file)

=> (GPIO and BCM)